Butter was made by putting cream into the churn and turning the handle. This spun the cream around causing it to solidify into butter. The process took some time, and progress could be checked by looking through the ‘peephole’.
On , Archer recorded in his diary — “(Churn): Made a Croze, and cut down the churn”. A croze is the ridge or groove carved into the tow ends of the barrel staves to ensure a tight seal when the heads are placed.